Cedars-Sinai Medical Center

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A BI-WEEKLY PUBLICATION FROM THE CEDARS-SINAI CHIEF OF STAFF Dec. 6, 2013 | Archived Issues

Recognition for Honjo, Reich, Slattery, Azizzadeh, Steiner

Physician News

Tomoyuki Honjo, MD, PhD, has received honors for his work on a vaccine to treat aortic aneurysms; Heidi Reich, MD, has won a Sports Spectacular Endowed Fellowship; William H. Slattery, MD, and Babak Azizzadeh, MD, have completed a book on the facial nerve; and Jerrold H. Steiner, MD, has been honored by the Tower Cancer Research Foundation.

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Meetings and Events


Grand Rounds

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Upcoming CME Conferences

Click below to view a complete list of all scheduled Continuing Medical Education conferences.

CME Newsletter - November 2013 (PDF)

Share Your News

Won any awards or had an article accepted for publication? Share your news about professional achievements and other items of interest.

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Novel Study Charts Aggressive Prostate Cancer

Many patients diagnosed with prostate cancer have indolent, slow-growing forms of the disease that are not life-threatening. However, more than 30,000 American men will die from aggressive prostate cancer this year alone. This sharp contrast between low-risk and aggressive disease presents a challenge for researchers and physicians as they diagnose patients and determine the prognosis of the men with the most aggressive forms of prostate cancer.

Investigators in the Cedars-Sinai Samuel Oschin Comprehensive Cancer Institute have made extensive progress in understanding the molecular mechanisms of disease progression. These results may help scientists better understand the prognosis of patients diagnosed with advanced prostate cancer. The study, published in the journal Cell Cycle and led by Dolores Di Vizio, MD, PhD, may ultimately lead to the development of new biomarkers for not only prognosis, but also a patient's potential response to therapy.

"One of the long-standing difficulties in treating men with advanced prostate cancer has been predicting the response to given therapies or treatments," said Di Vizio, associate professor in the Department of Surgery, Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine and Department of Biomedical Sciences. "These latest research findings provide tangible insight into the molecular and structural phenomena that result in prostate cancer metastases. They have the potential to create a new source of biomarkers and an innovative standard of care. These findings may also help distinguish individualized treatment plans best suited for each patient."

The new source of biomarkers is large oncosomes, which are vesicles released from aggressive prostate cancer cells with highly migratory features. These large oncosomes carry tumor molecules and have been shown in previous studies to contribute to tumor progression. This study demonstrates, for the first time in human samples, that identification of circulating large oncosomes can be an indicator of patients with more aggressive, treatment-resistant disease. Also, researchers found that large oncosomes contain microRNA, a molecule that regulates several biological processes now proven to influence tumor progression.

At the Cedars-Sinai Urologic Oncology Program, researchers and physicians work in close collaboration to discover personalized options for patients with indolent prostate disease as well as those with aggressive cancer. This latest study will amplify the genetic and molecular understanding of aggressive prostate cancer.

"Many of the latest research developments and treatments for urologic cancers have been initiated from Cedars-Sinai investigators and physicians," said Robert Figlin, MD, associate director of the Samuel Oschin Comprehensive Cancer Institute, professor of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences and the Steven Spielberg Family Chair in Hematology Oncology. "These latest research observations may identify novel ways to measure a patient's prognosis and are just a steppingstone for the many discoveries moving down the pipeline in our cancer institute."

Cedars-Sinai collaborators include Michael Freeman, PhD, director of Cancer Biology and Therapeutics and vice chair of Research and Surgery in the department of Biomedical Sciences; Leland Chung, PhD, director of the Urologic Oncology Research Program and professor in the Department of Medicine; Edwin Posadas, MD, co-medical director in the Urologic Oncology Program and assistant professor in the Department of Medicine; Hyung Lae Kim, MD, director of Academic Programs in the Division of Urology and co-medical director of the Urologic Oncology Program; Neil Bhowmick, PhD, research scientist and associate professor in the Department of Medicine; and fellows Matteo Morello, PhD, Valentina Minciacchi and Julie Yang.

Francesca Demichelis, PhD, from Centro for Integrative Biology at the University of Trento, Italy, contributed to the study, as did researchers from Istituto Nazionale di Genetica Molecolare and Istituto Nazionale Tumori in Milan and NanoSight Inc.

The research was supported by the National Cancer Institute (CA131472 [R00] to DDV, R01CA143777 to MRF) and the Steven Spielberg Discovery Fund in Prostate Cancer Research.