sutures newsletter

PRODUCED BY AND FOR MEMBERS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF SURGERY April 2015 | Archived Issues

Mark Your Calendar


Surgery Grand Rounds

Click the "read more" to see information about upcoming Surgery Grand Rounds.

» Read more


Grand Rounds

Click here to view a schedule of all upcoming grand rounds.


Education Schedule

Click the PDF links below to see the Department of Surgery's education schedule.

Education Schedule - April 2015 (PDF)


Surgery Scheduling

Click the "read more" for hours and contact information for surgery scheduling.

» Read more

Pluralistic Culture Serves Cedars-Sinai Well

Message From the Chair

The physician cohort of Cedars-Sinai is ideally characterized as a "pluralistic" model in that faculty, foundation and private physicians all practice medicine here. Harder to determine are the intended and unintended consequences of this structure.

» Read more

CS-Link Enhancements Coming April 25

New features and functionality will be made to CS-Link™ in the early of hours of Saturday, April 25. However, you will not see a significant amount of change in your day-to-day workflows or screens.

» Read more

Clinical Documentation Integrity Course Set

Participants Can Earn Two Continuing Medical Education Credits

Members of the medical staff can take a "Clinical Documentation Integrity Power Course for Physicians" that will meet the first Tuesday of each month through Dec. 1. The next session will take place May 5 from 3:30-6:30 p.m. in Thalians E117. Participants need to attend just one session. Two continuing medical education credits will be available.

» Read more

Circle of Friends Honorees for March

The Circle of Friends program honored 404 people in March. Circle of Friends allows grateful patients to make a donation in honor of the physicians, nurses, caregivers and others who have made a difference during their time at Cedars-Sinai.

» Read more

Sofosbuvir, Feraheme Warnings; Changes for Epivir, Ziagen

Pharmacy Focus

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has issued warnings about hepatitis C drugs containing sofosbuvir and has strengthened a warning about Feraheme. The agency also has approved changes in the labels of Epivir and Ziagen.

» Read more

Pluralistic Culture Serves Cedars-Sinai Well

Message From the Chair

The physician cohort of Cedars-Sinai is ideally characterized as a "pluralistic" model in that faculty, foundation and private physicians all practice medicine here. Harder to determine are the intended and unintended consequences of this structure. Stated another way, what is more evident — the synergies among the three physician types or the differences between them?

It is my strong belief that the benefits of our nearly unique structure greatly outweigh any downsides. In fact, I consider our diverse physician "architecture" largely responsible for the remarkable success of our institution in attaining national and international recognition while remaining the hospital of choice for consumers in Los Angeles.

For years, our Department of Surgery has enjoyed strong reputations in many clinical areas. These include, but are not limited to, our programs in cardiac surgery, transplantation, minimally invasive surgery of all types, joint replacement, spine surgery and trauma/intensive care. I would submit that the physician leaders in most of these areas hail from all three physician types.

Further, even in those programs characterized as "full time" (cardiac surgery and transplantation), nonfaculty physicians are indispensable to both administrative and clinical success. Think of our private cardiologists such as John Harold, MD, former president of the American College of Cardiology, the foundation-based California Heart Group with Jon Kobashigawa, MD, and his colleagues and J. Louis Cohen, MD, a private vascular surgeon who originated and serves as surgical director of the kidney transplant program.

In another arena, our high volume and internationally known joint replacement program is led cooperatively by physicians from each category (Robert C. Klapper, MD, Brad Penenberg, MD, Andrew I. Spitzer, MD), not necessarily by design but simply because they are the thought and volume leaders.

Another area where we are greatly advantaged by our diversity is in residency and other postgraduate medical education. Trainees effectively get to work in different practice constructs within the same hospital, obviating the need to commute in L.A. traffic to other venues to get alternative clinical experiences. The attractiveness of this is manifest by the robust number of applications for our general surgical, orthopedic and urologic residencies; in recent years, somewhere between 25 percent and 50 percent of all U.S. medical students interested in surgical careers have applied to these programs.

The research performed largely but not exclusively by our faculty, including 16 PhDs or PhD/MDs, is another way our professional diversity enriches our reputation. With nearly $10 million of external research funds every year, it is hard to find a clinical program that can't point to a translation research benefit for our patients.

I would argue that even the good-spirited competition between private and employed physicians for clinical volume has its benefits. It encourages academic docs to provide the same level of service and responsiveness that characterizes our fine private practitioners, while private practices are strongly motivated to attract and retain the most outstanding new associates.

Finally, in these very uncertain times — awaiting the full flower of population health initiatives and alternative payment plans (how exactly are we to be compensated for not doing surgery?) — our pluralistic culture gives us the resilience to adapt in whatever direction is needed. The next five years may be turbulent, but thanks to our different but uniformly outstanding physician groups, we are constructed to survive and prosper.

Bruce L. Gewertz, MD
Surgeon-in-Chief
H and S Nichols Distinguished Chair in Surgery
Chair, Department of Surgery
Vice President, Interventional Services
Vice Dean, Academic Affairs

CS-Link Enhancements Coming April 25

New features and functionality will be made to CS-Link™ in the early of hours of Saturday, April 25.

However, you will not see a significant amount of change in your day-to-day workflows or screens. Following are just a few of the enhancements that you can look forward to:

  • Chart search toolbar
  • Multiple personalized order sets
  • Speed button functionality
  • InBasket email reminders

The CS-Link upgrade will require minimal training. However, so that you know what to expect, please view the job aids on CS-Link Central.

As part of the upgrade process, you will not be able to create or edit Preference Lists, SmartPhrases, SmartTexts, Macros or InBasket Quick Actions from now through April 26. If you attempt to do so, you will get an error message. You will, however, be able to use your current records.

Finally, this upgrade will require a downtime. CS-Link users will need to log off of the system for approximately four hours beginning April 25 at 1 a.m. and follow downtime procedures. Any orders that cannot be deferred should be placed via paper processes.

The CS-Link Shadow Read-Only SRO environment and Web/VS will be available during the downtime for easy reference to patients' allergies, medication lists, encounter histories, etc.


How to Learn More About April 25 Upgrade

There are several ways to learn about the improvements in the CS-Link upgrade:

  • Visit the upgrade page at CS-Link Central.
  • Check out the e-learning modules at CS-Link Central.
  • Attend the "Coffee and Conversation" sessions in the South Mezzanine parking lot Monday-Wednesday, April 27-29, from 7:30-9 a.m.
  • Get help from the upgrade Command Center, which will be available for two weeks in ECC A-C. The Command Center's phone number is 310-248-6600.

You can schedule a training session with Lisa Masson, MD, (lisa.masson@cshs.org) or Alex Bram (alex.bram@cshs.org).

Click here for more CS-Link training updates for physicians.

Clinical Documentation Integrity Course Set

Members of the medical staff can take a "Clinical Documentation Integrity Power Course for Physicians" that will meet the first Tuesday of each month through Dec. 1. Sessions will take place from 3:30-6:30 p.m. in various locations. Participants need to attend just one session.

The May 5 session will take place in Thalians E117.

Under the Affordable Care Act, physicians will have to justify treatments and demonstrate satisfactory quality outcomes. Clinical documentation therefore will need to be accurate and timely and to reflect the scope of services provided.

Objectives of the course:

  • Explain the role of the Clinical Documentation Integrity Department at Cedars-Sinai
  • Discuss how hospitals and physicians are rated
  • Explore the DRG system and how documentation affects profiles
  • Understand the interplay among SOI, ROM, LOS and reimbursement
  • Compare ICD-9 and ICD-10 documentation requirements
  • Compare Cedars-Sinai’s score to those of similar hospitals
  • Learn definitions for common diagnoses
  • Recognize documentation that is vague and nonspecific
  • Identify documentation strategies to reflect the true severity of illness of the patient

Two continuing medical education credits will be available.

For more information, call Clinical Documentation Integrity at 310-423-3052.

CDI Power Course for Physicians (PDF)

Circle of Friends Honorees for March

The Circle of Friends program honored 404 people in March.

Circle of Friends allows grateful patients to make a donation in honor of the physicians, nurses, caregivers and others who have made a difference during their time at Cedars-Sinai. When a gift is made, the person being honored receives a custom lapel pin and a letter of acknowledgement.

Click here for more information about the program and for a list of past honorees.

  • Kristine Acorda (Baker), MSN, RN, ANP-BC, CCTC
  • Kenneth Adashek, MD
  • David E. Aftergood, MD
  • Keith L. Agre, MD
  • Sonu S. Ahluwalia, MD
  • Thomas G. Ahn, MD
  • Jeffrey I. Alcala, LVN
  • Karen M. Alexander
  • Michael J. Alexander, MD
  • Thais Aliabadi, MD
  • Howard N. Allen, MD
  • Daniel C. Allison, MD
  • Michelle Amarillas, RN, CEN, MICN
  • Neel A. Anand, MD
  • Ronald M. Andiman, MD
  • John B. Andrews, MD
  • Jennifer T. Anger, MD, MPH
  • Alagappan Annamalai, MD
  • Dalila Arteaga
  • M. William Audeh, MD
  • Laura G. Audell, MD, MS
  • David Austin, MD
  • Esperanza H. Avenente, BSN, RN
  • Babak Azarbal, MD
  • Hyun W. Bae, MD
  • Esther Baik, MD
  • C. Noel Bairey Merz, MD
  • Ravneet Bajwa, MD
  • Guita Balakhane, MD
  • Mark Bamberger, MD
  • Peyman Banooni, MD
  • Beverly A. Barlongo, BSN, RN-C
  • Adam H. Bauer, MD
  • Leon I. Bender, MD
  • Arash Bereliani, MD
  • Satinder J. Bhatia, MD
  • Anton J. Bilchik, MD
  • Keith L. Black, MD
  • Selvyn B. Bleifer, MD
  • Vanessa Booker
  • Swaraj Bose, MD
  • Mary Grace Brandon, RN, ACNP-BC
  • Maria Belinda Brant, BSN, RN-BC, CCTC
  • Earl W. Brien, MD
  • William W. Brien, MD
  • Barry J. Brock, MD
  • Philip G. Brooks, MD
  • Michael Broukhim, MD
  • Eileen G. Brown, OCN, RN
  • Neil A. Buchbinder, MD
  • Matthew H. Bui, MD
  • Froilan L. Buot
  • Miguel A. Burch, MD
  • Christiane Michele J. Burnison, MD
  • Michael A. Bush, MD
  • James L. Caplan, MD
  • Jeffrey F. Caren, MD
  • Ilana Cass, MD
  • Robert M. Casson
  • David H. Chang, MD
  • Dorrie Chang, MD
  • Kirk Y. Chang, MD
  • Cheryl G. Charles, MD
  • George Chaux, MD
  • Sheikh T. Cheragee
  • William W. Chow, MD
  • Ray M. Chu, MD
  • Andrew Chuang, MD
  • Alice P. Chung, MD
  • Arnold C. Cinman, MD
  • Paul Cohart, MD
  • J. Louis Cohen, MD
  • Myles J. Cohen, MD
  • Scott W. Cohen, MD
  • Steven D. Colquhoun, MD
  • Martin Cooper, MD
  • Stephen T. Copen, MD
  • Stephen R. Corday, MD
  • Rita R. Cotton
  • Alice C. Cruz, MD
  • Angelica R. Cuellar, LVN
  • Lawrence S. Czer, MD
  • Ram C. Dandillaya, MD
  • Catherine M. Dang, MD
  • Moise Danielpour, MD
  • Dudley S. Danoff, MD
  • Mark M. Davidson, MD
  • Robert W. Decker, MD
  • David Defren, MD
  • Alice R. Dick, MD
  • Jack Ditlove, MD
  • Noam Z. Drazin, MD
  • J. Kevin Drury, MD
  • Michael T. Duffy, MD
  • Julie A. Dunhill, MD
  • Cheryl L. Dunnett, MD
  • Brian G. Durie, MD
  • Karyn Eilber, MD
  • Yaron Elad, MD
  • Ashraf M. Elsayegh, MD
  • Ali John Enayati, MD, MPH
  • Shervin Eshaghian, MD
  • Richard Essner, MD
  • Erika Faralan, RN
  • Joy S. Feld, MD
  • Edward J. Feldman, MD
  • David E. Fermelia, MD
  • Marshal P. Fichman, MD
  • Svetlana Finkelshteyn, RN
  • Christopher R. Fitzgerald, MD
  • Phillip R. Fleshner, MD
  • Julie A. Flores, RN
  • Charles A. Forscher, MD
  • Yelena Fridman, RN
  • Stuart Friedman, MD
  • Gerhard J. Fuchs, MD
  • Clark B. Fuller, MD
  • Steven S. Galen, MD
  • Donna Gallik, MD
  • Eli S. Gang, MD
  • Elayne K. Garber, MD
  • Anita B. Gattenuo
  • Diane Gean Gomez, RN
  • Ivor L. Geft, MD
  • Jordan L. Geller, MD
  • Elie M. Gindi, MD
  • Armando E. Giuliano, MD
  • Julian A. Gold, MD
  • Howard S. Goldberg, MD
  • Neil J. Goldberg, MD
  • Sherry L. Goldman, RN, NP
  • Gloria A. Gomez
  • Crystal F. Gonzalez, RN
  • Jeffrey S. Goodman, MD
  • Martin N. Gordon, MD
  • Gary M. Gorlick, MD
  • Michael S. Gottlieb, MD
  • Steven B. Graff-Radford, DDS
  • Stephen L. Graham, MD
  • Jeffrey R. Gramer, MD
  • Mark E. Granoff, MD
  • Violette G. Gray, MD
  • Abe Green, MD
  • Leland M. Green, MD
  • Lloyd B. Greig, MD
  • Vesna Grubic RN, MPH
  • Kapil Gupta, MD
  • Gary Gutkin, MD
  • Paul B. Hackmeyer, MD
  • Antoine Hage, MD
  • David S. Hallegua, MD
  • Solomon I. Hamburg, MD
  • Michele A. Hamilton, MD
  • John G. Harold, MD
  • Michael D. Harris, MD
  • Randy S. Harris, MD
  • Arman Hekmati, MD
  • Donald R. Henderson, MD, MPH
  • Andrew E. Hendifar, MD
  • Jeremy R. Herman, MD
  • Emmanuel E. Hernandez
  • Michael "Chris" Herron, RN
  • David M. Hoffman, MD
  • Lalima A. Hoq, MD, MPH
  • Arash A. Horizon, MD
  • Jethro L. Hu, MD
  • Gabriel E. Hunt Jr., MD
  • Gwen Inouye, BSN, RN, CN
  • Andrew F. Ippoliti, MD
  • Joseph Isaacson, MD
  • Marney Jakubowicz, LVN
  • Laith H. Jamil, MD
  • Bojana Jankovic, MD
  • Leslie M. Jimenez
  • J. Patrick Johnson, MD
  • Jay L. Jordan, MD
  • Stanley C. Jordan, MD
  • Debra R. Judelson, MD
  • Kamran Kalpari, MD
  • David J. Kanani, MD
  • Dmitry Karayev, MD
  • Beth Y. Karlan, MD
  • Scott R. Karlan, MD
  • Harold L. Karpman, MD
  • Rosa B. Kassaseya
  • Joe L. Kavosick, RN
  • David Kawashiri, MD
  • Ilan Kedan, MD, MPH
  • Tami Kendra-Romito
  • Kristine Khachatryan, RN
  • Raj Khandwalla, MD
  • Mehran J. Khorsandi, MD
  • Dennis H. Kim, MD
  • Doran A. Kim, MD
  • Hyung L. Kim, MD
  • Irene Kim, MD
  • Terrence T. Kim, MD
  • Jason A. Kirk, MD
  • Michelle M. Kittleson, MD, PhD
  • Andrew S. Klein, MD, MBA
  • Keith L. Klein, MD
  • Jon A. Kobashigawa, MD
  • Sheri Koplik, MD
  • Benjamin Kretzmann, MD
  • Michael A. Kropf, MD
  • Doris B. Ladiong, RN
  • Megan S. Laib
  • Maricela Lamas
  • Lakendra Lang, RN
  • Ronald P. Lang, MD
  • Todd H. Lanman, MD
  • Lennoux Laryea
  • Duy M. Le, MD
  • Caroline Lee, MD
  • Paul C. Lee, MD
  • Frances Lee Aguilar, RN
  • Wesley Leichty
  • Roger L. Lerner, MD
  • Ronald S. Leuchter, MD
  • Phillip L. Levine, MD
  • Andrew J. Li, MD
  • Daniel Lieber, MD
  • Aliza A. Lifshitz, MD
  • Michael C. Lill, MD
  • Stephen W. Lim, MD
  • Edy Liong
  • Simon K. Lo, MD
  • Joan E. Lutz, RN
  • Moody M. Makar, MD
  • Marc Makhani, MD
  • Rajendra Makkar, MD
  • Adam N. Mamelak, MD
  • Howard C. Mandel, MD
  • William J. Mandel, MD
  • Harumi O. Mankarios, RN, OCN
  • Malcolm L. Margolin, MD
  • Behnam David Massaband, DPM
  • Ruchi Mathur, MD
  • David N. Matsumura, MD
  • Bryan E. Mayes
  • Philomena McAndrew, MD
  • Robert J. McKenna Jr., MD
  • Mary Katherine McLoughlin
  • Puja K. Mehta, MD
  • Sapna A. Mehta, DO
  • Erin Meschter, MD
  • Kiarash Michel, MD
  • Stewart Middler, MD, PhD
  • Steven A. Miles, MD
  • Melanie A. Miller, RN, CSPDM
  • Margo Minissian, MSN, RN, NP, ACNP-BC, CLS-BC, CNS
  • Avinash Mondkar, MD
  • Jaime D. Moriguchi, MD
  • Zuri Murrell, MD
  • Dan I. Naim, MD
  • Ronald B. Natale, MD
  • Flora E. Nava
  • Ricardo Navas, MD
  • Norman J. Nemoy, MD
  • Ryan E. Nestler
  • Christopher S. Ng, MD
  • David G. Ng, MD
  • Victoria K. Nigro, RN-BC
  • Nicholas N. Nissen, MD
  • Donald F. Nortman, MD
  • Jamila J. O'Neal
  • Philipp T. Orbe, RN
  • Adrian G. Ostrzega, MD
  • Guy D. Paiement, MD
  • Jignesh K. Patel, MD, PhD
  • Brad Penenberg, MD
  • Rosa M. Perlman
  • Brian Perri, DO
  • Glenn B. Pfeffer, MD
  • Edward H. Phillips, MD
  • Mark Pimentel, MD
  • Teresa Pina-Jimenez, RN
  • Howard E. Pitchon, MD
  • Terry E. Podell, MD
  • Charles Pollick, MD
  • Edwin M. Posadas, MD
  • Jerry J. Pryde, MD, MPH
  • Lina Quintanilla
  • Soroush A. Ramin, MD
  • Danny Ramzy, MD, PhD
  • Dilini T. Ranaweera, RN
  • Rajeev K. Rao, MD
  • Alexandre Rasouli, MD
  • Rhea Mae Reynado, RN
  • R. L. Patrick Rhoten, MD
  • Robert Richter, MD
  • Richard V. Riggs, MD
  • Bobbie J. Rimel, MD
  • Joseph L. Robinson, MD
  • Sepehr Rokhsar, MD
  • Robert M. Rose, MD
  • Barry E. Rosenbloom, MD
  • Fred P. Rosenfelt, MD
  • Howard L. Rosner, MD
  • Romina N. Ross
  • Soraya A. Ross, MD
  • Jay S. Rudin, MD
  • Jeremy D. Rudnick, MD
  • Ruth "Virginia" Russell, MD
  • Amy S. Rutman, MD
  • Mary Annabelle N. Sabijon, RN
  • Stephen A. Sacks, MD
  • Wendy L. Sacks, MD
  • Gloria D. Salapare, RN
  • Tracy Salseth, ACNP-BC
  • Farzin Samadi, MD
  • Nadiv Samimi, MD
  • Bruce A. Samuels, MD
  • Howard M. Sandler, MD, MS
  • Gregory P. Sarna, MD
  • Jay N. Schapira, MD
  • Wouter I. Schievink, MD
  • C. Andrew Schroeder, MD
  • Ernst R. Schwarz, MD, PhD
  • Scott Serden, MD
  • Payam Shadi, MD
  • Bansari Shah, MD
  • Prediman K. Shah, MD
  • Shamim Shakibai, MD
  • Alan E. Shapiro, MD
  • Samy M. Sharobeem, MD
  • Omid A. Shaye, MD
  • Michael M. Shehata, MD
  • Jeffrey H. Sherman, MD
  • John L. Sherman, MD
  • Randolph Sherman, MD
  • Vivian N. Shirvani, MD
  • Chrisandra L. Shufelt, MD, MS
  • Khawar M. Siddique, MD
  • Robert J. Siegel, MD
  • Allan W. Silberman, MD, PhD
  • David S. Silver, MD
  • Alan G. Silverman, MD
  • Amanuel Sima, MD
  • Steven M. Simons, MD
  • Lenore M. Skydell (Strum), RN-C
  • R. Kendrick "Ken" Slate, MD
  • Liliana Sloninsky, MD
  • Samuel J. Smith, MD
  • Jason Snibbe, MD
  • Thomas P. Sokol, MD
  • Richard Sokolov, MD
  • Karyn Morse Solky, MD
  • Meir Jonathon Solnik, MD
  • Andrew Ira Spitzer, MD
  • Jerrold H. Steiner, MD
  • Leslie Stricke, MD
  • Eric R. Sue, MD
  • Joseph Sugerman, MD
  • Vinay Sundaram, MD
  • Kazu Suzuki, DPM
  • Charles D. Swerdlow, MD
  • Steven Sykes, MD
  • Nicholas R. Szumski, MD
  • Lillian Szydlo, MD
  • Steven W. Tabak, MD
  • Michele Tagliati, MD
  • Stephan R. Targan, MD
  • Gary M. Tearston, MD
  • David B. Thordarson, MD
  • Janessa Tiu, RN
  • Tram T. Tran, MD
  • Alfredo Trento, MD
  • Timothy Tsui, MD
  • Gregory Tsushima, MD
  • Stefan A. Unterhalter, MD
  • Mark K. Urman, MD
  • Suketu B. Vaishnav, MD
  • Jamie K. Valdez, RN
  • Michael B. Van Scoy-Mosher, MD
  • Eric Vasiliauskas, MD
  • Marina Vaysburd, MD
  • Diosdada Deng Ventura Walker
  • Swamy R. Venuturupalli, MD
  • Robert A. Vescio, MD
  • Ronald G. Victor, MD
  • Andrew S. Wachtel, MD
  • Talya Waldman, MSN, WHNP-BC, NCMP
  • Daniel J. Wallace, MD
  • Christine S. Walsh, MD
  • Arthur I. Waltuch, MD
  • Xunzhang Wang, MD
  • Jeffrey M. Warner, RN
  • Janet Wei, MD
  • Alan Weinberger, MD
  • Jason L. Weiner, Rabbi
  • Jonathan M. Weiner, MD
  • Judith G. Weiner, MD
  • Janet Y. White, MD
  • Kevin Wilbur
  • Matthew T. Wilson, MD
  • Donald A. Wiss, MD
  • Robert N. Wolfe, MD
  • Edward M. Wolin, MD
  • Philip A. Yalowitz, MD
  • Clement C. Yang, MD
  • Michael C. Yang, MD
  • Payam R. Yashar, MD
  • John S. Yu, MD

Sofosbuvir, Feraheme Warnings; Changes for Epivir, Ziagen

Pharmacy Focus

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has issued warnings about hepatitis C drugs containing sofosbuvir and has strengthened a warning about Feraheme. The agency also has approved changes in the labels of Epivir and Ziagen.

FDA: Sofosbuvir/Amiodarone Combination Can Lead to Bradycardia

The FDA is recommending that drugs containing sofosbuvir, such as Sovaldi and Harvona, not be prescribed concurrently with the antiarrhythmic drug amiodarone. Bradycardia — serious slowing of the heart rate — can occur when the drugs are taken together, according to the FDA. If alternative treatment options are unavailable, the FDA recommends heart monitoring in an inpatient hospital setting for the first 48 hours. Subsequently, monitoring in a doctor’s office or self-monitoring of the heart rate should take place every day through at least the first two weeks of treatment.

For more information, click here.

FDA: Serious Reactions Possible with Feraheme

The FDA has strengthened a warning that serious, potentially fatal allergic reactions can occur with the anemia drug Feraheme (ferumoxytol). The FDA changed the prescribing instructions and approved a boxed warning, the agency's strongest type of warning, regarding these risks. Also added is a strong recommendation against use of Feraheme in patients who have had an allergic reaction to any intravenous iron replacement product.

For more information, click here.

FDA Backs Changes in Labels of Epivir, Ziagen

The FDA has approved revisions to the labels for Epivir (lamivudine) and Ziagen (abacavir sulfate) to provide for once-daily dosing in pediatric patients 3 months and older when used in combination with other antiretrovirals for the treatment of HIV-1 infection.

For more information, click here or on the PDF links below.

Epivir package insert (PDF)

Ziagen package insert (PDF)